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Приложения

1992

JOINT MILITARY

NET ASSESSEMENT

CHAPTER 11

SPECIAL INTEREST AREAS

Intelligence, Counterintelligence, and Warning Intelligence

The steps taken by CIS leaders to reform fundamental political, security, and economic institutions in the aftermath of the failed Moscow coup promise a new phase in global relations. Before this development in the former Soviet Union, the intelligence efforts of both East and West had continued with relatively modest changes. However, despite statements by CIS leaders about dismantling their intelligence structures and subjecting their intelligence organizations to greater public scrunity, a huge collection apparatus remains available to the political entity assuming power. Whatever intelligence services emerge from the current upheaval will most likely continue to collect against traditional military and political targets (albeit an a lower level), while redirecting their efforts to Third World security issues and economic and commercial objectives.

A number of former Soviet clients states and developing countries pose effective, regionally oriented, and frequently multi-disciplined intelligence threats. Although these countries' capabilities are often technologically inferior tocounterintelligence systems of the developed West, their capabilities will improve as enhanced collection systems are developed or acquired.

DOD counterdrug operations present an additional target of opportunity for counterintelligence by states or groups.

Secure communications and other operations security measures will remain important for effective counterdrug operations.

Counterintelligence

In the post-Cold War era, the increase in personal, technical, and commercial contacts among nations has broadened substantially the opportunities for overt collection of sensitive information. Conversely, former adversaries face difficult challenges because of butgeoning East-West relations and commercial ventures, intrusive arms-control inspections, loss of internal controls and restrictions, defectors and emeigres from the East, and «volunteers» spies for the West.

Little change in extant organizational structures and bilateral relationships among the Western democracies in expected, but dissipating peerceptions of remaining military threats are likely to reduce investment in counterintelligence functions. However, the potential for divergent economic interests resulting from increased global conpetitiveness may elevate the potential for intelligence threats, even from traditional allies.

Thus, the United States probably will continue to experience espionage damage to plans, programs, operations, and technological advantages.

Changing intelligence relationships with allies and expected cooperation with traditional adversaries pose intelligence risks. Lack of language capabilities, unfamiliarity with the lical environment, and a lack of prior relationship with indegenous counterintelligence and security services hinder the capabilities of US counterintelligence personnel deployed to nontraditional assigment lications.

Warning

Overall US intelligence capabilities are assessed to be good to excellent in proving information on changes in the military capabilities of potential adversaries. This military data, analyzed in the context of early political and economic indicators of an increased threat to the United States or its interests, provides the dasis for warning time assumptions. Reliably determining an adversary's exact intent remains elusive, but it is nevertheless a goal of the warning process.

Warning of a specific time of attack based on military capabilities is unrealistic, as essential final political decisions are invariably the denermining factor.

The future of US warning capabilities will be dependent on a number of factors. Resource constraints and personnel reductions in the Intelligence Community will have a negative effect, but the reduction in the forward presence of US forces-inevitable as the global security environment changeswill have the greatest impact on our ability to obtain timely warning of changes in the capabilities of potential adversaries.



предыдущая глава | Вымысел исключен. Записки начальника нелегальной разведки | Разведка, контрразведка и система предупреждения