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1

Timothy D. White, Strangers to Ourselves: Discovering the Adaptive Unconscious (Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press, 2002), 24.

2

John A. Bargh, The Automaticity of Everyday Life, in The Automaticity of Everyday Life, ed. Robert S. Wyer (Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc., 1997), 52.

3

Douglas R. Hofstadter, I Am a Strange Loop (New York: Basic Books, 2007), 228.

4

David . Buss, The Evolution of Desire: Strategies of Human Mating (New York: Basic Books, 2003), 47-58.

5

Daniel Akst, Looks Do Matter, The Wilson Quarterly, Summer 2005.

6

Steven Johnson, Mind Wide Open: Your Brain and the Neuroscience of Everyday Life (New York: Scribner, 2004), 25-26.

7

Ayala Malakh Pines, Falling In Love: Why We Choose the Lovers We Choose (New York: Routledge, 2005), 33.

8

Peter G. Caryl et al., Womens Preference for Male Pupil-Size: Effects of Conception Risk, Sociosexuality and Relationship Status, in Personality and Individual Differences 46, no. 4 (March 2009): 503-508.

9

David . Buss, Strategies of Human Mating, in Psychological Topics 15 (2006): 250.

10

Matt Ridley, The Red Queen: Sex and the Evolution of Human Nature (New York: Penguin Books, 1995), 251 (. . - . . .: , 2011).

11

Janine Willis and Alexander Todorov, First Impressions, in Psychological Science 17, no. 7 (2006): 592.

12

Charles . Ballew II and Alexander Todorov, Predicting Political Elections from Rapid and Unreflective Face Judgments, in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 104, no. 46 (November 13, 2007): 17948-53.

13

Ridley, 298.

14

John Tierney, The Big City: Picky, Picky, Picky, New York Times, February 12, 1995.

15

Martie G. Haselton and David M. Buss, Error Management Theory: A New Perspective on Biases in Cross-Sex Mind Reading, in Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 78, no. 1 (2000): 81-91.

16

Helen Fisher, The Drive to Love: The Neural Mechanism for Mate Selection, in The New Psychology of Love, eds. Robert J. Sternberg and Karin Weis (Binghampton, NY: Yale University Press, 2006), 102.

17

Judith Rich Harris, The Nurture Assumption: Why Children Turn Out the Way They Do (New York: Touchstone. 1999), 140.

18

Geoffrey Miller, The Mating Mind: How Sexual Choice Shaped Human Nature (New York: Anchor Books, 2000), 373-74.

19

Iain McGilchrist. The Master and His Emissary: The Divided Brain and the Making of the Western World (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2009), 257.

20

Miller, 369-75.

21

Michael S. Gazzaniga, Human: The Science Behind What Makes Us Human (New York: Harper Perennial, 2008), 95.

22

Buss, 44-45.

23

Guenter J. Hitsch, Ali Hortacsu, and Dan Ariely, What Makes You Click? Mate Preferences and Matching Outcomes in Online Dating, in MIT Sloan Research Paper # 460306.

24

Rachel Herz, The Scent of Desire: Discovering Our Enigmatic Sense of Smell (New York: HarperCollins, 2008), 4-5.

25

Esther . Sternberg, Healing Spaces: The Science of Place and Weil-Being (Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press, 2009), 83-84.

26

Claus Wedekind et al., -Dependent Mate Preferences in Humans, in Proceedings: Biological Sciences 260, no. 1359 (June 22, 1995) : 245-49.

27

Antonio R. Damasio, Descartes' Error: Emotion, Reason, and the Human Brain (New York: Penguin Books, 2005), 51.

28

Damasio, 193-94.

29

Damasio, 194.

30

Damasio, 174.

31

Joseph . LeDoux, The Emotional Brain: The Mysterious Underpinnings of Emotional Life (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1996) , 302.

32

Gerald Edelman, Bright Air, Brilliant Fire: On the Matter of the Mind (New York: Basic Books, 1992), 69.

33

Kenneth A. Dodge, Emotion and Social Information Processing, in The Development of Emotion Regulation and Dysregulation, eds. Judy Garber and Kenneth A. Dodge (Cambridge: University of Cambridge Press, 1991), 159.

34

Daniel Gilbert, Stumbling on Happiness (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2006), 221.

35

Roy E Baumeister, The Cultural Animal: Human Nature, Meaning, and Social Life (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005), 116.

36

Joseph . Hallinan, Why We Make Mistakes: How We Look Without Seeing, Forget Things in Seconds, and Are All Pretty Sure We Are Way Above Average (New York: Broadway Books, 2009), 47.

37

Natalie Angier, Birds Do It. Bees Do It. People Seek the Keys to It, New York Times, April 10, 2007.

38

Baumeister, 115-16.

39

Barry R. Komisaruk, Carlos Beyer-Flores, and Beverly Whipple, The Science of the Orgasm (Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2006), 72.

40

Regina Nuzzo, Science of the Orgasm, Los Angeles Times, February 11, 2008.

41

Mary Roach, Bonk: The Curious Coupling of Science and Sex (New York: W W Norton & Co., 2008), 237.

42

Regina Nuzzo, Science of the Orgasm.

43

Melvin Konner, The Tangled Wing: Biological Constraints on the Human Spirit (New York: Henry Holt & Co., 2002), 291.

44

Joseph LeDoux, The Synaptic Self: How Our Brains Become Who We Are (New York: Viking, 2002), 67.

45

Jeffrey . Schwartz and Sharon Begley, The Mind and the Brain: Neuroplasticity and the Power of Mental Force (New York: HarperCollins, 2002), 111.

46

Kim Y. Masibay, Secrets of the Womb: Lifes Most Mind-Blowing Journey: From Single Cell to Baby in Just 266 Days, in Science World, September 13, 2002.

47

Betsy Bates, Grimaces, Grins, Yawns, Cries: 3D/4D Ultrasound Captures Fetal Behavior, Ob. Gyn. News, April 15, 2004.

48

Janet L. Hopson, Fetal Psychology, Psychology Today, September 1, 1998.

49

Bruce . Wexler, Brain and Culture: Neurobiology, Ideology, and Social Change (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2006), 97.

50

Bruce Bower, Newborn Babies May Cry in Their Mother Tongues, Science News, December 5, 2009.

51

Janet L. Hopson, Fetal Psychology.

52

Otto Friedrich, Melissa Ludtke, and Ruth Mehrtens Calvin, What Do Babies Know?, Time, August 15, 1983.

53

Frederick Wirth, Prenatal Parenting: The Complete Psychological and Spiritual Guide to Loving Your Unborn Child (New York: HarperCollins, 2001), 14.

54

Alison Gopnik, The Philosophical Baby: What Childrens Minds Tell Us About Truth, Love, and the Meaning of Life (New York: Farrar, Straus, & Giroux, 2009), 205.

55

Hillary Mayell, Babies Recognize Faces Better Than Adults, Study Says, National Geographic, May 22, 2005.

56

Louis Cozolino, The Neuroscience of Human Relationships: Attachment and the Developing Social Brain (New York: W. W. Norton & Co., Inc., 2006), 103.

57

Edward . Wilson, Consilience: The Unity of Knowledge (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1998), 145.

58

John Medina, Brain Rules: 12 Principles for Surviving and Thriving at Work, Home, and School (Seattle, WA: Pear Press, 2008), 197.

59

Katherine Ellison, The Mommy Brain: How Motherhood Makes You Smarter (New York: Basic Books, 2005), 21.

60

Medina, 197.

61

Jill Lepore, Baby Talk, The New Yorker, June 29, 2009.

62

David Biello, The Trouble with Men, Scientific American, September 16, 2007.

63

Wexler, 111.

64

Alva No"e, Out of Our Heads: Why You Are Not Your Brain and Other Lessons from the Biology of Consciousness (New York: Hill & Wang, 2009), 30-31.

65

Wexler, 90.

66

Robin Karr-Morse and Meredith S. Wiley, Ghosts from the Nursery: Tracing the Roots of Violence (New York: Atlantic Monthly Press, 1997), 27.

67

H. M. Skeels and H. B. Dye, Study of the Effects of Different Stimulation on Mentally Retarded Children, in Proceedings and Addresses of the American Association of Mental Deficiency, 44 (1939), 114-36.

68

Gordy Slack, I Feel Your Pain, Salon, November 5, 2007.

69

Marco Iacoboni, Mirroring People: The New Science of How We Connect with Others (New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 2008), 26.

70

Richard Restak, The Naked Brain: How the Emerging Neurosociety Is Changing How We Live, Work, and Love (New York: Three Rivers Press, 2006), 58.

71

Michael S. Gazzaniga, Human: The Science Behind What Makes Us Human (New York: Harper Perennial, 2008), 178.

72

Iacoboni, 50.

73

Iacoboni, 112-14.

74

Steven Johnson, Mind Wide Open: Your Brain and the Neuroscience of Everyday Life (New York: Scribner, 2004), 120.

75

Johnson, 119.

76

Johnson, 120-21.

77

Raymond Manin and John Barresi, The Rise and Fall of Soul and Self: An Intellectual History oi Personal Identity (New York: Columbia University Press, 2006), 184.

78

Alison Gopnik, Andrew N. Meltzoff, and Patricia K. Kuhl, The Scientist in the Crib: What Early Learning Tells Us About the Mind (New York: Harper Perennial, 1999), 85.

79

Alison Gopnik, The Philosophical Baby: What Children's Minds Tell Us About Truth, Love, and the Meaning of Life (New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 2009), 17.

80

Gopnik, Meltzoff, and Kuhl, 46.

81

Gopnik, 145.

82

Gopnik, 124.

83

Gopnik, 152.

84

Gopnik, 129.

85

John Bowlby, Loss: Sadness and Depression (New York: Basic Books, 1980), 229.

86

Margaret Talbot, The Baby Lab, The New Yorker, September 5, 2006.

87

Gopnik, Meltzoff, and Kuhl, 69.

88

Gopnik, 82-83.

89

Jeffrey M. Schwartz and Sharon Begley, The Mind and the Brain: Neuroplasticity and the Power of Mental Force (New York: HarperCollins, 2002), 117.

90

Schwartz and Begley, 111.

91

Thomas Carlyle Dalton and Victor W. Bergenn, Early Experience, the Brain, and Consciousness: An Historical and Interdisciplinary Synthesis (New York: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2007), 91.

92

Jeff Hawkins and Sandra Blakeslee, On Intelligence (New York: Times Books, 2004), 34.

93

Gopnik, Meltzoff, and Kuhl, 185.

94

Bruce E. Wexler, Brain and Culture: Neurobiology, Ideology, and Social Change (Cambridge, MA:MIT Press, 2006), 23.

95

James Le Fanu, Why Us?: How Science Rediscovered the Mystery of Ourselves (New York: Pantheon Books, 2009), 54.

96

Schwartz and Begley, 214-15.

97

Gilles Fauconnier and Mark Turner, The Way We Think: Conceptual Blending and the Minds Hidden Complexities (New York: Basic Books, 2002), 12.

98

Fauconnier and Turner, 44.

99

Jerome Bruner, Actual Minds, Possible Worlds (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1986).

100

DanP. McAdams, The Stories We Live By: Personal Myths and the Making of the Self (New York: Guilford Press, 1993), 48.

101

Claudia Wells, The Myth About Homework, Time, August 29, 2006.

102

Ann . Barnet and Richard J. Barnet, The Youngest Minds: Parenting and Genetic Inheritance in the Development of Intellect and Emotion (New York: Touchstone, 1998), 197.

103

Louis Cozolino, The Neuroscience of Human Relationships: Attachment and the Developing Social Brain (New York: W W. Norton & Co., Inc., 2006), 139.

104

L. Alan Sroufe, Byron Egeland, Elizabeth A. Carlson, and W. Andrew Collins, The Development of the Person: The Minnesota Study of Risk and Adaptation from Birth to Adulthood (New York: Guilford Press, 2005), 59-60.

105

Barnet and Barnet, 130.

106

Sroufe et al, 133-34.

107

Sroufe et al., 154.

108

Sroufe et al., 60.

109

Sroufe et al., 138.

110

Daniel J. Siegel, The Developing Mind: How Relationships and the Brain Interact to Shape Who We Are (New York: Guilford Press, 1999), 94.

111

Kayt Sukel, Brain Responds Quickly to Faces, BrainWork, Dana Foundation Newsletter, November 1, 2008.

112

George Vaillant, Agwg Well: Surprising Guideposts to a Happier Life from the Landmark Harvard Study of Adult Development (New York: Little, Brown & Co., 2002), 99.

113

Ayala Malakh Pines, Falling in Love: Why We Choose the Lovers We Choose (New York: Routledge, 2005), 110.

114

Cozolino, 230.

115

Alison Gopnik, The Philosophical Baby: What Children's Minds Tell Us About Truth, Love, and the Meaning of Life (New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 2009), 184.

116

Susan D. Calkins, Early Attachment Processes and the Development of Emotional Self-Regulation, in Handbook of Self-Regulation: Research, Theory, and Applications, eds. RoyF. Baumeister and Kathleen D. Vohs (New York: Guilford Press, 2004), 332.

117

David . Buss, The Evolution of Desire: Strategies of Human Mating (New York: Basic Books, 2003), 93.

118

Mary Main. Erik Hesse, and Nancy Kaplan, Predictability of Attachment Behavior and Representational Processes at 1, 6, and 19 Years of Age: The Berkeley Longitudinal Study, in Attachment from Infancy to Adulthood: The Major Longitudinal Studies, eds. Klaus E. Grossmann, Karin Grossmann, and Everett Waters (New York: Guilford Press, 2005), 280.

119

Thomas Lewis, Fari Amini, and Richard Lannon, A General Theory of Love (New York: Vintage, 2001), 199.

120

Kathleen Kendall-Tackett, Linda Meyer Williams, and David Finkelhor, Impact of Sexual Abuse on Children: A Review and Synthesis of Recent Empirical Studies, in Psychological Bulletin, 113, no. 1 (1993): 173.

121

Gopnik, 182.

122

Sroufe et al., 268.

123

Sroufe et al., 164.

124

Sroufe et al., 167.

125

Sroufe et al., 210.

126

Sroufe et al., 211.

127

Sroufe et al., 95.

128

Sroufe et al., 287.

129

Muzafer Sherif et al. The Robbers Cave Experiment: Intergroup Conflict and Cooperation (Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press, 1988).

130

Baumeister, 286-87.

131

Gordon . Moskowitz. Social Cognition: Understanding Self and Others (New York: Guilford Press, 2005), 78.

132

Ayala Malach Pines, Falling in Love: Why We Choose the Lovers We Choose (New York: Routledge, 2005), 93.

133

Frank Portman. King Dork (New York: Delacorte Press, 2006), 123.

134

Steven W. Anderson et al., Impairment of Social and Moral Behavior Related to Early Damage in Human Prefrontal Cortex, in Social Neuroscience: Key Readings in Social Psychology, eds. John T. Cacioppo and Gary G. Berntson (New York: Psychology Press, 2005), 29.

135

Anderson et al., 34.

136

John D. Bransford, Ann L. Brown, and Rodney R. Cocking, eds. How People Learn: Brain. Mind, Experience, and School (Washington, DC: National Academies Press), 119.

137

Brizendine, 34.

138

Louann Brizendine, The Female Brain (New York: Broadway Books, 2006), 33.

139

John Medina, Brain Rules: 12 Principles for Surviving and Thriving at Work, Home, and School (Seattle, WA: Pear Press, 2008), 110.

140

Fish Is Fish, Bransford, Brown, and Cocking, eds., 11.

141

Brizendine, 45.

142

Peter Carruthers, An Architecture for Dual Reasoning, in In Two Minds: Dual Processes and Beyond, eds. Jonathan Evans and Keith Frankish (Cambridge: Oxford University Press, 2009), 121.

143

The Greek Way (New York: W. W. Norton & Co., Inc., 1993), 156.

144

Daniel Coyle, The Talent Code: Greatness Isn't Born. It's Grown. Here's How (New York: Bantam Books, 2009), 175.

145

Bransford, Brown, and Cocking, eds., 97.

146

Carol S. Dweck The Secret to Raising Smart Kids, in Scientific American Mind, December 2007.

147

David G. Myers, Intuition: Its Powers and Perils (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2004), 17.

148

Richard Ogle, Smart World: Breakthrough Creativity and the New Science of Ideas (Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press, 2007).

149

Geoff Colvin, Talent Is Overrated: What Really Separates World-Class Performers from Everybody Else (New York: Portfolio, 2008), 46-47.

150

Colvin, 44.

151

Colvin, 46-47.

152

Robert E. Ornstein, Multimind: A New Way of Looking at Human Behavior (New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1986), 105.

153

Jonah Lehrer, How We Decide (New York: Houghton Mifflin Co., 2009), 248 (. . - . . .: Corpus, 2010).

154

Ornstein, 23.

155

Medina, 92.

156

Medina, 147.

157

Nell and Susan Brink, The Secrets of Sleep, U. S. News & World Report, May 17, 2004.

158

Emma Young, Sleep Tight: You spend around a third of your life doing it, so surely there must be a vital reason for sleep, or is there?, New Scientist, March 15, 2008, 30-34.

159

Jonah Lehrer, The Eureka Hunt, The New Yorker, July 28, 2008.

160

Lehrer, The Eureka Hunt.

161

Robert Burton, On Being Certain: Believing You Are Right Even When You're Not (New York: St. Martins Press, 2008), 23.

162

Burton, 218.

163

Diane Ackerman, An Alchemy of Mind: The Marvel and Mystery of the Brain (New York: Scribner, 2004), 168.

164

The Retreat From Marriage by Low-Income Families, Fragile Families Research Brief, no. 17, June 2003.

165

Annette Lareau, Unequal Childhoods: Class, Race, and Family Life (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2003), 107.

166

Alva Noe, Out of Our Heads: Why You Are Not Your Brain, and Other Lessons from the Biology of Consciousness (New York: Hill & Wang, 2009), 52.

167

Lareau, 146.

168

David L. Kirp, After the Bell Curve, New York Times Magazine, July 23, 2006.

169

Paul Tough, What It Takes to Make a Student, New York Times Magazine, November 26, 2006.

170

Martha Farah et al., Childhood Poverty: Specific Associations with Neurocognitive Development, Brain Research 1110, no. 1 (September 19, 2006): 166-174.

171

Shirley S. Wang. This Is Your Brain Without Dad, Wall Street Journal, October 27, 2009.

172

David Brooks, The Education Gap, New York Times, September 25, 2005.

173

Flavio Cunha and James J. Heckman, The Economics and Psychology of Inequality and Human Development, Journal of the European Economic Association, 7, no. 2-3 (April 2009): 320-64.

174

Albert-Laszlo Barabasi, Linked: How Everything Is Connected to Everything Else and What It Means (New York: Plume, 2003), 6.

175

Steven Johnson, Emergence: The Connected Lives of Ants, Brains, Cities, and Software (New York: Touchstone, 2001), 79.

176

Johnson, 32-33.

177

Turkheimer, Mobiles: A Gloomy View of Research into Complex Human Traits, in Wrestling with Behavioral Genetics: Science, Ethics, and Public Conversation, eds. Erik Parens, Audrey R. Chapman, Nancy Press (Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2006), 100-101.

178

Turkheimer, 104.

179

Daniel Coyle, The Talent Code: Greatness Isn't Born. Its Grown. Here's How (New York: Bantam Books, 2009), 148.

180

Walter Lippman, Men and Citizens, in The Essential Lippmann: A Political Philosophy for Liberal Democracy, eds. Clinton Rossiter and James Lare (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1963), 168.

181

Daniel J. Siegel, The Developing Mind: How Relationships and the Brain Interact to Shape Who W. Are (New York: Guilford Press, 1999), 20.

182

John T. Cacioppo and William Patrick, Loneliness: Human Nature and the Need for Social Connection (New York: W. W. Norton & Co., Inc., 2008), 133.

183

David Dobbs, The Science of Success, in The Atlantic, December 2009.

184

Blair Justice, The Will to Stay Well, New York Times, April 17, 1988.

185

Angela L. Duckworth and Manin E. P. Seligman, Self-Discipline Outdoes IQ in Predicting Academic Performance of Adolescents, Psychological Science 16, no. 12 (2005): 939-44.

186

Jonah Lehrer, How We Decide (New York: Houghton Mifflin Co., 2009), 112.

187

Jonah Lehrer, Dont! The Secret of Self-Control, The New Yorker, May 18, 2009.

188

Walter Mischel and Ozlem Ayduk, Willpower in a Cognitive-Affective Processing System: The Dynamics of Delay of Gratification, in Handbook of Self-Regulation: Research, Theory, and Applications, eds. Roy F. Baumeister and Kathleen D. Vohs (New York: Guilford Press, 2004), 113.

189

Douglas Kirby, Understanding What Works and What Doesnt in Reducing Adolescent Sexual Risk-Taking, Family Planning Perspectives 33, no. 6 (November/December 2001).

190

Clive Thompson, Your Friends Making You Fat?, New York Times, September 13, 2009.

191

Timothy D. Wilson, Strangers to Ourselves: Discovering the Adaptive Unconscious (Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press, 2002), 212.

192

Carl Zimmer, Why Athletes Are Geniuses, Discover Magazine, April 16, 2010.

193

Daniel J. Siegel, Mindsight: The New Science of Personal Transformation (New York: Bantam Books, 2010).

194

Jeffrey M. Schwartz and Sharon Begley, The Mind and the Brain: Neuroplasticity and the Power of Mental Force (New York: HarperCollins, 2002). 262-64.

195

Daniel Coyle, The Talent Code: Greatness Isn't Born. Its Grown. Heres Haw (New York: Bantam Books, 2009), 110-11.

196

Coyle, 102-104.

197

David Dobbs, How to Be a Genius, New Scientist, September 15, 2008.

198

Geoff Colvin, Talent Is Overrated: What Really Separates World-Class Performers from Everybody Else (New York: Portfolio, 2008), 152.

199

Coyle, 85.

200

Coyle, 82.

201

Colvin, 106.

202

Steven N. Kaplan, Mark M. Klebanov, and Morten Sorensen, Which CEO Characteristics and Abilities Matter?, Swedish Institute for Financial Research Conference on the Economics of the Private Equity Market, July 2008.

203

Jim Collins, Good to Great: Why Some Companies Make the Leap and Others Dont (New York: HarperCollins, 2001) (. . - . . , . .: , , 2011).

204

Murray R. Barrick, Michael . Mount, and Timothy A. Judge, Personality and Performance at the Beginning of the New Millennium: What Do We Know and Where Do We Go Next?, International Journal of Selection and Assessment 9, no. 1-2 (March/June 2001): 9-30.

205

Ulrike Malmendier and Geoffrey Tate, Superstar CEOs, Quarterly Journal of Economics, 124, no. 4 (November 2009): 1593-1638.

206

Tyler Cowen, In Which Countries Do Kids Respect Their Parents Die Most?, Marginal Revolution, December 5, 2007.

207

Judith Rich Harris, The Nurture Assumption: Why Children Turn Out the Way They Do (New York: Touchstone, 1998), 56.

208

David Brooks, The Americano Dream, New York Times, February 24, 2004.

209

Richard Nisbett, The Geography of Thought: How Asians and Westerners Think Differently and Why (New York: Free Press, 2003), 90.

210

Nisbett, 100.

211

Alison Gopnik, Andrew N. Meltzoff, and Patricia Kuhl, The Scientist in the Crib: What Early Learning Tells Us About the Mind (New York: Perennial, 2001), 89.

212

Nisbett, 95.

213

Nisbett, 140.

214

Nisbett, 87-88.

215

Timothy D. Wilson, Strangers to Ourselves: Discovering the Adaptive Unconscious (Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press, 2002), 38.

216

Bruce E. Wexler, Brain and Culture: Neurobiology, Ideology, and Social Change (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2006), 149.

217

John Roach, Chinese, Americans, Truly See Differently, Study Says, National Geographic News, August 22, 2005.

218

Rachel E. Jack et al., Cultural Confusions Show that Facial Expressions Are Not Universal, Current Biology 19, no. 18 (August 13, 2009), 1543-48.

219

Wexler, 175.

220

Roy F. Baumeister, The Cultural Animal: Human Nature, Meaning and Social Life (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005), 31.

221

Baumeister, 131.

222

Clifford Geertz, The Interpretation of Cultures (New York: Basic Books, 1973), 46.

223

Andy Clark, Being There: Putting Brain, Body, and World Together Again (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1998), 191.

224

Baumeister, 53.

225

Wexler, 33.

226

Donald E. Brown, Human Universals (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1991).

227

Wexler, 187-88.

228

David P. Schmitt, Evolutionary and Cross-Cultural Perspectives on Love: The Influence of Gender. Personality, and Local Ecology on Emotional Investment in Romantic Relationships, in The New Psychology of Love, eds. Robert J. Sternberg and Karin Sternberg (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2006), 252.

229

Helen Fisher, Why We Love: The Nature and Chemistry of Romantic Love (New York: Henry Holt & Co., 2004), 5.

230

Craig MacAndrew and Robert . Edgerton, Drunken Comportment: A Social Explanation (Clinton Comers, NY: Percheron Press, 2003).

231

Dacher Keltner, Born to Be Good: The Science of a Meaningful Life (New York: W. W Norton & Co., Inc., 2009), 195.

232

Steven Pinker, The Blank Slate: The Modem Denial of Human Nature (New York: Penguin Books, 2002), 328.

233

Marc D. Hauser, Moral Minds: The Nature of Right and Wrong (New York: Harper Perennial, 2006), 134.

234

Guy Deutscher, You Are What You Speak, The New York Times Magazine, August 26, 2010, 44.

235

Douglas Hofstadter, I Am a Strange Loop (New York: Basic Books, 2007), 177.

236

David Halpern, The Hidden Wealth of Nations (Cambridge: Polity Press, 2010), 76.

237

Thomas Sowell, Migrations and Cultures: A World View (New York: Basic Books, 1996), 378.

238

Lawrence E. Harrison, The Central Liberal Truth: How Politics Can Change a Culture and Save It from Itself (Cambridge: Oxford University Press, 2006), 26.

239

Thomas Sowell, Race and Culture: A World View (New York: Basic Books, 1994), 67.

240

Sowell, Race and Culture, 25.

241

Margaret Bridges, Bruce Fuller, Russell Rumberger, and Loan Tran, Preschool for Californias Children: Unequal Access, Promising Benefits, PACE Child Development Projects, University of California Linguistic Minority Research Institute (September 2004): 7.

242

Abigail Thernstrom and Stephan Thernstrom, No Excuses: Closing the Racial Gap in Learning (New York: Simon & Schuster, 2003), 85.

243

David Brooks, The Limits of Policy, New York Times, May 3, 2010.

244

Fisman, Raymond, and Edward Miguel, Corruption, Norms and Legal Enforcement: Evidence from Diplomatic Parking Tickets, Journal of Political Economy 115, no. 6 (2007): 1020-48.

245

Harrison, 53.

246

Francis Fukuyama, Trust: The Social Virtues and the Creation of Prosperity (New York: Free Press, 1996), 338.

247

Edward Banfield, The Moral Basis of a Backward Society (New York: Free Press, 1967).

248

Richard Ogle, Smart World: Breakthrough Creativity and the New Science of Ideas (Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press, 2007), 8-10.

249

Ronald Bun, Structural Holes: The Social Structure of Competition (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1992).

250

Matt Ridley, The Agile Gene: How Nature Turns on Nurture (New York: Perennial, 2004), 59.

251

Daniel Goleman, Social Intelligence: The New Science of Human Relationships (New York: Bantam Dell, 2006), 139.

252

John Medina, Brain Rules: 12 Principles for Surviving and Thriving at Work, Home, and School (Seattle, WA: Pear Press, 2008), 262.

253

Michael S. Gazzaniga, Human: The Science Behind What Makes Us Human (New York: Harper Perennial, 2008), 96.

254

Peter A. Hall and David W. Soskice, An Introduction to the Varieties of Capitalism, in Varieties of Capitalism: The Institutional Foundations of Comparative Advantage, eds. Peter A. Hall and David W. Soskice (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004), 1-70.

255

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Jonah Lehrer, Proust Was a Neuroscientist (New York: Houghton Mifflin Co., 2007), 140.

498

Michael S. Gazzaniga, Human: The Science Behind What Makes Us Unique (New York: Harper Perennial, 2008), 210.

499

Daniel J. Levitin, This Is Your Brain on Music: The Science of a Human Obsession (New York: Dutton, 2006), 116.

500

Leonard Meyer, Emotion and Meaning in Music (Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1961).

501

Semir Zeki, Splendors and Miseries of the Brain: Love, Creativity, and the Quest for Human Happiness (Maiden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell, 2009), 29.

502

Chris Frith, Making Up the Mind: How the Brain Creates Our Mental World (Maiden, MA: Blackwell Publishing, 2007), 111.

503

Denis Dutton, The Art Instinct: Beauty, Pleasure, and Human Evolution (New York: Bloomsbury Press, 2009), 17-19.

504

Gazzaniga, 229.

505

Gazzaniga, 230.

506

Gene D. Cohen, The Mature Mind: The Positive Power of the Aging Brain (New York: Basic Books, 2005), 148.

507

Lehrer, 87.

508

Nancy . Andreasen, The Creative Brain: The Science of Genius (New York: Plume, 2006), 44.

509

Guy Claxton, Hare Brain, Tortoise Mind: How Intelligence Increases When You Think Less (New York: Harper Perennial, 2000), 60.

510

Cozolino, 28.

511

Cozolino, 29-30.

512

Cohen, 178.

513

Malcolm Gladwell, Late Bloomers, The New Yorker, October 20, 2008.

514

Scruton, 44.

515

Kenneth S. Clark, Civilization: A Personal View (New York: Harper & Row, 1969), 60.

516

Michael Ward, . S. Lewis and the Star of Bethlehem, Books if Culture, January-February 2008.

517

Lydia Davis, Happiest Moment, in Samuel Johnson Is Indignant (New York: Picador, 2002), 50.

518

Esther M. Sternberg, Healing Spaces: The Science of Place and Weil-Being (Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press, 2009), 49.

519

Sternberg, 50.

520

Charles Taylor, Sources of the Self: The Making of the Modem Identity (Cambridge: University of Cambridge Press, 2006), 297.

521

Jennifer Ruark, The Art of Living Mindfully, The Chronicle of Higher Education, January 3, 2010.

522

Daniel L. Schacter, Searching For Memory: The Brain, The Mind, and the Past (New York: Basic Books, 1996), 298.

523

George E. Vaillant, Agzng Well: Surprising Guideposts to a Happier Life from the Landmark Harvard Study of Adult Development (New York: Little, Brown & Co., 2002), 31.

524

Vaillant, 10-11.

525

Louis Cozolino, The Healthy Aging Brain: Sustaining Attachment, Attaining Wisdom (New York: W W Norton & Co., 2008), 188.

526

Erving Goffman, The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life (New York: Anchor Books, 1962).

527

RoyE. Baumeister, The Cultural Animal: Human Nature, Meaning, and Social Life (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005), 167.

528

Timothy D. Wilson, Strangers to Ourselves (Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press, 2002), 84.

529

Dan P. McAdams, The Redemptive Self: Stories Americans Live By (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006).

530

Wilson, 175-76.


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